What do we mean?
  • Copyright: allows the copyright owner to protect against others copying or reproducing their work.
  • Intellectual property: gives a person ownership over the things they create, the same way as something physical can be owned.

Copyright for Learning and Teaching

What is copyright?

Copyright is one of the main types of intellectual property. It allows the copyright owner to protect against others copying or reproducing their work. Intellectual property gives a person ownership over the things they create, the same way as something physical can be owned.

What does Educational Exceptions mean?

The most important exceptions for education permits the use of any type of work for the purpose of teaching (or as the law puts it: ‘for the sole purpose of illustration for instruction’).

  • Copying must be used to illustrate a point about the subject being taught.
  • You can not copy for entertainment or for an unrelated reason to what is being taught.
  • Exceptions only apply under the following conditions:
    1) The purpose of the use is non-commercial.
    2) Where practical, there should be sufficient acknowledgment of authorship of the work.
    3) The use of the material is fair.
  • The use of the material must be reasonable and proportionate e.g. sharing a short excerpt of documentary to illustrate a point, rather than sharing copies of the entire documentary.
Scenarios where educational exceptions might applyScenarios where educational exceptions don’t apply
Items uploaded to Moodle or captured by Re:View that will only be available to students on your, or related course of study.Anything that is not teaching, such as a public talk.
Teaching sessions where only registered students are in attendance.Any taught session available to non-students of the University.

Top tips

  • Reference and attribute the material used where reasonably possible.
  • Only include material protected by copyright when it will only be accessible to registered students of the University.
  • Do not include (unless under license or with permission) any copyright-protected material in work that will be accessible to non-registered students of the University.

Frequently Asked Questions

In the majority of use case scenarios, without prior consent of the University, you should not publish lectures on YouTube. There are many reasons why YouTube and any other public online video publishing platforms is not an appropriate vehicle for distributing learning material.

Educational exceptions to Copyright will not apply

Video content would potentially be available to individuals who are not registered students of the University. This means that any Educational Exceptions to copyright would no longer be applicable. Inclusion of any protected material would make yourself and the University at risk of legal action from the relevant rights holders.

Data Protection/Privacy and Consent

If the video features any individuals other than yourself you need to obtain their written consent. This includes any individual who can be seen or heard such as students who may be featured in the audience.

The video may include your or someone else’s personal information subject to data protection requirements. Failure to protect personal data may result in legal proceedings against yourself and the University.

Contractual Obligations

Material created through your course of employment by the University may be owned in part by the University. In much the same way that it is not generally permitted to publish lectures from Re:View externally, it may be a requirement of the University to ensure consistency of quality, version control and protection of its rights in the media/recorded learning content output by its representatives.

Yes. Ideally, it is best to link to, or embed any such content. However, so long as the material is only accessible behind the University of Bath single-sign on, to students on the relevant, or a related course of study then educational exceptions should still apply. Therefore, it should be permissible to include such content, as it will likely qualify under the educational exceptions to copyright so long as it sufficiently attributed, the use is reasonable and proportionate, being used for illustration and instruction, for the purpose of teaching.

Box of Broadcasts (BOB) students and staff can access a wealth of television and radio programmes to help with work or study.

View a quick guide to Box of Broadcasts


Full guidance on this can be found in this document.

A suggested format for Creative Commons images would be: Picture URL and Picture Name/Owner of the picture/Creative Commons license and URL e.g. Empire State Building/Mal B/All rights reserved

Many of the Microsoft products such as Word and PowerPoint provide the option to include creative commons images from their online image library which are already correctly attributed.

Choose insert > Online Pictures

screenshot to show online images icon in PowerPoint

Ensure that 'Creative Commons only' is ticked and enter a search term.

Screenshot to show Creative Commons only tickbox

Select the image you wish to use. You will notice that the attribution has been automatically created for you.

Screenshot to show correctly attributed image.


Updated on: 2nd August 2020